Published by The Freeman Center
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Political Analysis and Commentary
THE FULL STORY OF JONATHAN POLLARD
Interviews and Analysis by Caroline Glick
Makor Rishon Passover Edition - April 22, 2005
A Makor Rishon Special Feature in 3 parts:
Translated to English by Justice4JP
Part I: An Exclusive Interview with Jonathan Pollard
are two approaches to Jonathan Pollard, one is a time line, the other
is the broad approach. The time line begins with the dawn of American
Jewish consciousness: a young boy stands with his class and recites one
The second approach, the broader view, takes place in the State of North Carolina. The day I visited Pollard there, a light rainfall had turned the lake next to the landing-strip into a muddy brown pool of swirling water. Aviv Ezra, the Israeli Deputy Consul General in Atlanta, met us at the airport. With his Sabra appearance, up to and including his suit, he looks like the face of our nation: young and proud and at the same time notoverly self-possessed.
We meet up with Esther Pollard on the way to the prison, at the cheap, depressing motel where she lives. She is wearing a gray suit and her hair is covered with attractive reddish shaytl. She receives us with a mixture of wariness and hope. Her movements are energetic; the look in her eyes resembles that of a child who is lost; who sees strangers approaching, andwonders if they are coming to help or to hurt.
Esther shows us her tiny room, which smells of commercial cleansers. "I have been here for some time," she says, not without a trace of anger. The room is cramped. It has an air of sadness and isolation. Before we leave the place, she explains that Jonathan\'s health deteriorated severely after the cruel and inhumane treatment he was subjected to in Washington when he was held there prior to his court hearing. "Since then, I have not been able to leave him. So I remain here. It is difficult these days to cross international borders; I cannot risk leaving and not being able to return tobe here for him."
has been with Jonathan for 15 years; they married in 1993, when he had
already served 8 years in prison. After spending a few minutes with
Esther, I begin to understand that she too is in prison. There were
other side of the law", the words echo in my mind. In the mind of every
American and especially of every American Jew, there is an ingrained
belief that there is no contradiction between his ethnic or religious
Only Jonathan Pollard has done that.
MY HEART IS IN THE EAST
"I understood that we are alone."
is how Jonathan Pollard responds when I ask him what motivated him to
make such a definitive choice between two loyalties. We had already
entered the prison. FCI Butner is a medium to maximum security federal
prison in North Carolina. Pollard has been incarcerated here for 12
years. Five people are present for the interview: Jonathan and Esther
Pollard; the Deputy Consul General, Aviv Ezra; the publisher of Makor
Rishon, Shlomo Ben-Tzvi and myself. Other than us, there is also Nick.
Nick is a representative of US Naval Intelligence, who flies in from
Washington every time Pollard has visitors to ensure that he does not
transfer secrets out of the prison
In the visit room there are small tables, upholstered chairs and vending machines for coffee and chocolate. Pollard receives us warmly as a host. His wife treats us to drinks and buys us chocolate, as if we were visiting in her home. I had also been warned about Jonathan; I had been told that he too is not entirely sane. But if he is crazy, there is no evidence of it. Throughout the visit I did not notice even the slightest sign of inappropriate or neurotic behavior. In fact this was the most surprising thing of all, Pollard\'s utter sanity after 20 years in prison.
started from the beginning. Jonathan Pollard was born in Texas 50 years
ago, and grew up in Indiana. His father was a professor of microbiology
and worked, among other things, developing weapons for the American
Army. Jonathan studied Political Science, Economics and Classical
Studies at Stanford University. He was in the midst of studies towards
a Doctorate in International Relations and Military History in 1979
when he was recruited
And what was your Jewish and Zionist background?
Pollard readily begins to speak about his Jewish roots. "I grew up in an American, modern orthodox home, where the centrality of Israel was continuously stressed. I experienced two painful episodes during my childhood. The first was a visit to the concentration camp, Dachau, with my parents in 1966. The second was the Six Day War (in 1967) and a year after that the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. This chain of events led me to understand what is needed in order to win, and about the nature of theDiaspora."
And visits to Israel?
I first visited Israel in the summer of 1971. I was in the summer program at Machon Weizman. My parents were concerned that I would not return home. I wish I had remained there. I should have been in Israel for the war. For the Yom Kippur war, or for Operation Peace for Galilee, even if just to pick melons on a kibbutz to free up other Israelis for army duty. I regret that the critical events of our history in recent years have been so bloody. Allthe same, this is our history, and I should have been there."
Why didn\'t you make Aliyah?
"I thought about Aliyah all the time. But it is hard to get up and leave the Goldineh Medina, America. That was the conflict. I was here, but my heart was in the East.My parents are Americans. My father is a decorated officer in the army, who has received citations. He carries a copy of the American Constitution in his pocket. I did not know how to resolve the conflict. When I began to work for Naval Intelligence, my father warned me that it is no place for a Jew. That there is a lot of anti-Semitism there. But even after experiencing it,I thought it was better for me to remain.
TREATMENT IN PRISON
Come, let\'s put that aside for a moment, and let\'s return to the present. Describe for us what a day in your life in prison looks like.
Pollard looks at me cautiously. Turning from a past he misses, to talk about a present he wishes to escape from, is hard for him. Esther, holding his hand, sighs in protest. Esther had warned me earlier that as long as Jonathan is in prison, he cannot safely discuss prison life or conditions."I don\'t want to go into detail," he responds. "I will give you an impressionistic description of my life. Life here involves constant noise, endless noise that is impossible to imagine, all the time; constant violence; profanity - every conceivable type of profanity." His voice which a moment ago was strong and clear has become a quiet sigh. "There is no place to be quiet or to find quiet - to read. You really have to be disciplined not to be provoked. You need to be disciplined to see when a situation is getting out of hand and to get away as quickly as possible. Ihave to be ready if my door opens at 2 in the morning.
"I live in a small room, not in a cell, with a roommate. My room is so small that when I sit on my bed and stretch out my arms I touch both of the walls. And it is impossible to lock the door. There are snap inspections and Iconstantly wash windows and floors for them."
Esther has told me that Jonathan gets up in the middle of the night to wash all of the prison windows so that he can be finished his work in time forvisit hours. "I wash a lot of windows every day," he says.
When he is not washing windows, Pollard listens to the radio. He is prohibited from using computers, much less the internet. The prison has television sets set up in common rooms for inmates. His fellow inmates include murderers, rapists, armed robbers, pedophiles and other violent criminals.
All of his personal property has to fit into a small locker - smaller than an IDF locker. He is not allowed to leave things out of his locker or to give them to his visitors, so he is forced to throw away most of his books and his letters after he has read them, just to make room. He is not given kosher food, and has to make do. Fruit and vegetables are hard to come by. The prison commissary is limited and sells only dry goods. While Arabic speaking prisoners receive Arabic newspapers, he is forbidden from reading anything not written in English. He reads the newspaper HaModiain English and a range of scientific journals and magazines.
have to understand," he says, "I knew that I needed to change my life.
When I am released I cannot go back to work as I did in my previous
life. I need to do something new. So I am now working on projects in
Where were you on September 11?
"I was in the TV room. I was waiting for a special visit scheduled for that day. Mickey Eitan and another Knesset member were coming to meet Esther and me. I was in the TV room watching CNN. I knew at once, even before the second plane hit the tower, that this was a terror attack." How did you feel knowing that the United States was under attack?
"I felt sick to my stomach."
But why would it bother you to see the US under attack? Especially after the
this, Jonathan gave me a look of profound sadness and said, "I fell in
love with two women -Israel and the US. It doesn\'t work in private
life, and it doesn\'t work in politics. My reaction to September 11 was
as an American.
ESPIONAGE WAS THE ONLY WAY
You are an American patriot, but you betrayed the US.
What did you understand?
"I understood that we are alone."
Why didn\'t you leave Naval Intelligence? Why didn\'t you leave your job and make Aliyah?
"I don\'t know why I stayed. I wanted to see how bad, bad really was. Like a car that slows down to watch a highway accident to see how bad the damageis. I couldn\'t leave."
After the Israeli Air Force blew up the Iraqi nuclear reactor in 1981, then deputy director of the CIA Admiral Bobby Ray Inman unilaterally decided to stop all intelligence transfers to Israel on Arab and Muslim states not directly bordering Israel. This included Iraq, Iran, Libya, Tunis and Pakistan. Around the same time, the United States began to arm Iraq which was then at war with Iran. The government permitted various companies to built dual usage factories in Iraq and they quickly advanced the development of Iraqi chemical weapons. Pollard, a US Intelligence analyst, had access to this information, which - until it was embargoed by Inman, who was opposed to the US / Israel strategic alliance - was routinely shared withIsrael.
So you saw this information and you thought it was not right that Israel was not receiving it - but that\'s still a long ways from engaging in espionage.
So why didn\'t you resign?
"Because I wanted to prevent another Holocaust."
the 20 years that have elapsed since he was arrested, Jonathan Pollard
has expressed remorse for his deeds many, many times, both orally and
in writing. In truth, the entire affair stemmed from administrative
failure on both sides. The US preferred appeasement of the Arabs - for
which it is now paying the price, with 150 thousand US soldiers in Iraq
- over its commitment to Israel. Israel, for its part, ran Pollard
without any regard for the danger it was posing to American Jewry by
running him. As one Jew who worked in the office of the Naval Secretary
in those years put it,
There is no doubt that the US conspired against Pollard. Anti-Semitism is the only reasonable way to understand: the decision to impose a life sentence upon him for an offense that usually carries a sentence of about 4 years; the exaggeration of the damage done to the US; the gross opposition by the CIA to every attempt to release him; the seven years he spent in solitary confinement in unbearable conditions; and also the conditions he is held in today. It is impossible to deal with the Pollard case without becoming convinced that he is suffering for no other reason than because heis a Jew who spied for the State of Israel.
Worse still, Israel - the State in whose service Pollard risked his life - has behaved reprehensibly.
I was arrested, I went through a very difficult time which brought me
to the threshold of despair. The FBI investigators who were debriefing
me, purposely allowed me to see the statements that the Israelis had
1995 a Mossad agent came here and suggested that I commit suicide. I
told him that I was ready to die for Israel, but not for a bunch of
political toadies. "The Israelis claimed that mine was a rogue
operation. But this was
Rafi Eitan, Israel\'s master spy who served as Pollard\'s chief handler from his position as head of the Office for Information Cooperation at the Israeli Embassy, told him that his information was discussed at cabinet meetings and Pollard understood that his main contractor was then Major General Ehud Barak, who then served as Commander of Military Intelligence.
"Afterwards, Rafi asked me to get them the names of American agents in Israel. I refused. This was something that would have hurt the US, and I wouldn\'t do it. Rafi told me, \'Watch it! Your refusal to give us the names will end up killing you. These agents will betray you to the authorities inthe US.\'
what hurt me the most was when I saw the unclassified version of the
Eban Report. [The Eban Report was a report of the Knesset\'s
sub-committee on intelligence services investigation into the Pollard
affair that was
"No one ever told me about this agreement http://www.jonathanpollard.org/2000/061500.htm. I could have used it in my defense. It is the country\'s responsibility. It had standing before the court. Israel is the only country to participate in the prosecution of itsown agent."
These days we are hearing that the Israeli Ambassador Danni Ayalon may come to visit Pollard. About a month ago, Ayalon was in North Carolina, in the neighborhood, but refused to come to the prison. Just by way of comparison, the Korean Ambassador made monthly visits to Robert Kim, the Korean agentwho was incarcerated in America.
The only Israeli Prime Minister until now, who has ever done anything for Jonathan Pollard, is Bibi Netanyahu. A year ago Sharon refused to give President Bush a petition signed by 112 Members of Knesset, http://www.jonathanpollard.org/2003/102803.htm which he himself signed, with a request to release Pollard. (J4JP: to date, the President has never received this historic and unprecedented appeal.) This trip the Prime Minister refused to deliver another historic appeal signed by all of the Chief Rabbis, past and present http://www.jonathanpollard.org/2005/042005.htm
Dennis Ross, the former American Special Envoy to the Middle East in the 1990\'s writes in his book, (THE MISSING PEACE http://www.jonathanpollard.org/2005/022005.htm) of a conversation he had with President Clinton about Netanyahu\'s request to free Pollard parallel to the signing of the Wye Accords (October 1998). Ross says that he advised Clinton, " I would not free him now. It would be a big payoff for Bibi. You do not have many big ones like this in your pocket. I would save it for thefinal status talks."
Do you think that Clinton\'s refusal to free you then has priced you out of the market? That there is nothing big enough that Israel can offer for yourrelease?
"No, I believe that the opposite is true. But Israel has to ask, and Sharon refuses to ask. It was chutzpah of the first order for Sharon to define the return of that no-goodnik Tannenbaum as the mitzvah of Pidyan Shvuyim. Thatwas spitting in the face of our religious beliefs."
TO BE WITH MY WIFE, MY PEOPLE AND MY LAND
When you are sitting in your room, what do you think about?
dream is to be with my wife, at home in Israel. I am worried about my
wife. She is a Cancer survivor. But she refused to have chemotherapy
because it would have destroyed any chance of having children. Because
"Last year the government refused to implement my status as a captive (not to grant me the status - I have it as an agent- but to implement it.) Instead they leaked to the media that Pollard is just after money. And they leaked a story about how they were going to give me a million dollars; they did this in order to destroy public concern for me. [J4JP: Jonathan and his wife Esther have never received a cent from the Israeli Government.http://www.jonathanpollard.org/2004/081604.htm]
we are homeless. We have no house. My wife has no medical care. If it
were not for the generosity of friends we would have nothing. We lost
everything. Esther is here for me, but I am scared to death for her.
image of Joseph Flavius has always fascinated me. He symbolizes what
happened to us during the era of the destruction of the second Temple.
We are taught that the second Temple was destroyed because of \'sinat
As if to illustrate, he opens a letter which he has been holding throughout the interview. It is a letter from the Yered family of Atzmona in Gush Katif. Attached to the letter is a photograph of the 3 Yered children. The youngest, Ariel, was injured at fifteen months of age by a mortar shellwhich exploded in the family\'s yard where he was playing.
abandonment of a nation, begins with the abandonment of one." He chokes
up as he points to the photograph, "How can anyone with a conscience
throw these children out of their home? I couldn\'t do it. Just like I
could not turn my back 20 years ago. All the slanderous stories about
me have been invented to destroy me because I am useful as a symbol
against Jews by those who hate Israel."
The time allotted for the interview is coming to an end. An officer approaches and says it is time to conclude.
Jonathan, they say you have a phenomenal memory. Does this mean that you still represent a danger to the US if you are released?
"There is no security risk for America regarding my release. Nothing I know and certainly nothing I would ever do would be antithetical to US interests.My life has been destroyed; the goal of deterrence has been achieved."
It is possible that senior Israeli officials fear that you will embarrass them if you are released.
"It is only possible to embarrass someone who has a sense of honor or self respect. The Israelis who have done me harm have no honor.
"In any case, no Israelis will be hurt by my release. The bottom line is: I want to come home so that I can be with my wife, my People and my Land. Thatis all I want. Unfortunately that apparently scares some people.
"On the other hand, there is something I would like to point out. When the Chief Rabbi of the IDF Brigadier General Yisrael Weiss recently wrote an official prayer for me http://www.jonathanpollard.org/2005/040705a.htm and distributed it to all units of the armed forces, it touched my heart verydeeply. It shows that we are still The People of The Book.
"I love my Nation."
Former CIA Chief Woolsey: Time To Consider Commutation for Pollard
James Woolsey, former head of the CIA, said in an interview with Makor Rishon that this is the right time to consider commuting Jonathan Pollard\'s sentence. We are fighting together on the same front in the war against terror, he said, and this is the time to pay attention to and show consideration for the sensitivities of the citizens of friendly democraticnations.
"Pollard," Woolsey explains, "may not have been a prime candidate for commutation, but 20 years is a very long time. At a certain point, it is time to ask if enough is enough - and that is in regard to his release, not to diminishing the seriousness of his actions. There is an obligation to have a different approach to spies for friendly countries." Woolsey stresses that his words should not be construed as a recommendation for clemency, and says that when clemency requests are weighed it must be ascertained thatdeterrence has been achieved.
began as CIA Chief in 1993. "I studied the Pollard file closely. My
estimation at the time was that Pollard was not even close to being
ready to be considered for commutation. At that time he had served a
that the information Pollard gave Israel were leaked to other countries
such as China or the Soviet Union, are not true, said Woolsey. He
explains that in his view "the heart of the matter" was the US fear
that Israel\'s own intelligence apparatus would be penetrated by hostile
governments and that as a result the materials Pollard transferred
would be picked up. "As for the quality of the information, in my
opinion, at the time (1993) the material was broad-ranging and included
information that did not relate solely to Israel\'s immediate security
needs. Part of it, if it had found its way into the hands of a hostile
country would have presented a danger to the US ability to collect
intelligence. No intelligence apparatus is immune to penetration, not
even Israel\'s. If there had been some way to
Secretary of State during the Pollard case, Caspar Weinberger, was the
driving force behind Pollard\'s life sentence. Pollard signed a plea
agreement and cooperated with his interrogators in return for a lighter
sentence - but Weinberger, as it was reported in the media, claimed in
a secret memo to the judge, that Pollard had done great and
irreversible damage to the national security of the United States, and
even caused the
damage assessment in the Pollard case was carried out by Aldrich Ames,
who at the time was a CIA bureau chief. Ames, who himself was exposed
in 1994, was a Soviet spy. According to Angelo Codevilla
http://www.jonathanpollard.org/codevilla.htm who, at the time, was an
advisor to the Senate Defense and Intelligence Committee, Ames cast the
blame on Pollard for much of the damage
http://www.jonathanpollard.org/1994/031894.htm Ames himself had done to
US national security and to its agents in the Soviet Union. After the
arrest of Ames, Senator Dennis Deconcini, the head of the Defense and
appears that the disagreement in the United States surrounding
Pollard\'s release revolves around two main arguments. The first
argument: given that we now know that any damage caused by Pollard was
insignificant, should he be freed in order to correct the injustice, or
is it better to retain him as a bargaining chip. As Dennis Ross
suggested to President Clinton during the negotiations at the Wye
Summit in 1998, Pollard can be used to squeeze
Commentary: The Search for Agent X
Pollard, the American Jewish Community, the American Establishment, and
the State of Israel. Why does the name of the Israeli agent languishing
in an American prison evoke such animosity in Washington Jews? On the
eve ofPassover, the Secret Service is looking for spies with Jewish names.
Very few names cause the kind of visceral reaction by Washington Jews that the name Jonathan Pollard does. "Why are you even bothering with that scoundrel? Don\'t you know what he did to us here! I hope he rots in prison. "These are the kind of reactions that one hears from Washington Jews.
Last summer, the name of a Washington analyst, Larry Franklin, was in the news headlines. Franklin is a Catholic supporter of Israel who believes in a strategic common fate shared by Israel and the United States. Last summer it
At once the names of all the Jews holding top positions in the Defense Department appeared in a list in the Washington Post, in a report written, in fact, by the journalist responsible for reporting on the affairs of the Department of State. Paul Wolfowitz, Douglas Feith, Harold Rood, Richard Perl, Scooter Libby - all were suddenly under suspicion of betraying the US. Not a single name of a non-Jew was mentioned.
The entire affair appears to have been contrived. The "information" that Franklin was supposed to have given to AIPAC had previously been published in the Washington Post, and did not at all represent American official policy towards Iran, but just a possible approach which had been brought up at a discussion which took place regarding American policy on Iran. Since the accusations were first made, nearly a year has passed and there has not been a single indictment. But, in the process, all the Jews who work for the Administration were investigated and humiliated, and along with them a considerable number of Jews who have no connection to the Administration as well.
The Jews themselves say that the name Pollard is always in the air. According to some of them, the FBI is still searching for Agent X - the mythological highly-placed American for whom Pollard is supposed to have worked http://www.jonathanpollard.org/1998/020598.htm . Twenty years have gone by since Pollard\'s arrest and the FBI is still trying any way it can to prove that there was another Jew involved in the episode.
The publicized investigation of Franklin, as well as the publicized attacks against the "neo- conservatives" which began in the months before the American invasion of Iraq two years ago, still continue to this day. According to critics of the Administration, right, left and center, Washington has been taken over by a clique of "Zionist - neo- conservatives" which is promoting a foreign policy that enslaves simple Americans to the murky interests of Israel. The names of individuals which are mentioned are always those of Jews.
All that is needed to reveal the depth of the insult, the anger and the demoralization of the Jews in Washington, is to bring up the name Pollard. "He is the reason they suspect us to this day," they say. The Pollard problem has become a gaping abyss dividing American Jews and Israel. It is true, as they say, that perhaps the Israeli public is sympathetic to him, but for us he is a scoundrel. It is not just that he betrayed the US, they say; first and foremost, he betrayed American Jews; and by running him Israel betrayed us as well.
There is no doubt that Pollard hurt the reputation and the good name of American Jews, nevertheless, it is frankly worth asking, how it is that his influence is still so strongly felt after 20 years. There are 3 players who are responsible for why the Pollard affair still continues to affect the situation of all American Jews so deeply, as well as the relations between the US and Israel. They are: the American Intelligence community; the leaders of the American Jewish community; and the State of Israel.
THE SILENCE OF THE JEWISH ESTABLISHMENT
Pollard has become an effective tool in the hands of the Intelligence community in the US. It is not just that he stole classified information and transferred it to a foreign country; he stole the information and he gave it to Israel. Anti-Semites like the former Secretary of Defense in those days, Caspar Weinberger, and the former deputy head of the CIA, Bobby Ray Inman, recognized in Pollard an opportunity to weaken the influence of the Jews in America. The Jews at the time were strongly opposed to the limits which were imposed on Israel after the destruction of the Iraqi nuclear reactor; and they were similarly vociferously opposed to the sale of upgraded weapons systems to the Arabs, such as the sale of AWACS fighter planes to Saudia Arabia. Israel-haters in the American Administration reckoned that if American Jews had to worry that they were sounding unfaithful to America every time they opened their mouths on behalf of Israel, then they might be less zealous in their defense of Israel. These same officials in the American Intelligence and security establishment working against Jews, did what every anti-Semite has always wanted to do to us since time immemorial: they decided to define for us what it means to be a Jew.
The trouble is, the American Jews allowed them to do so. Ever since the arrest of Pollard, the American Jewish establishment has accepted the unusual treatment he has been subjected to by the American Justice system without complaint. Pollard spent seven years in solitary confinement with barely a word of complaint by American Jewish leaders. The witch-hunt against Jews that has been on-going ever since, has been met with weak and half-hearted protest by the Jewish establishment. Even though the Jews marched shoulder to shoulder with Black American human rights activists in the 1960\'s, when it came to crying out against discrimination for "one of our own", the American Jewish leadership was utterly impotent.
If American Jewry in 1986, or even today, were united in protest against the life sentence imposed upon Pollard and against the witch-hunt of Jews in Washington, as if the deeds of one were indicative of all, then the Justice Department and the Intelligence community would be forced to curtail open season on all Jews. In other words, if the American Jewish establishment were more willing to defend itself - American Jews would be under attack far
This is where we come to Israel. As much as they make noises about being independent leaders, the Jewish leadership in America gets both its courage and its signal to act, in no small measure, from Israel. In the 1990\'s, for
In the case of Pollard, Israel abandoned her agent because her leaders reckoned that the abandonment would facilitate the repair of relations with the Americans. But that is not what occurred; the abandonment merely strengthened anti-Israel forces in Washington. When Israel failed to defend her agent and her interests, she was weakened. The Americans realized that Israel had no honor and that it was possible to pressure her and humiliate
BETRAYAL BY THE STATE
By abandoning Pollard, Israel has demonstrated that at least on one thing she has worked with consistency for the last 20 years. Pollard, the South Lebanese Army collaborators, the Palestinian collaborators and the settlers in Gaza and the northern Shomron who are under fire and living in constant threat of terror, day in day out, merely for trying to help the nation of Israel to hold on to the Land - all have received the same treatment: betrayal by the State. The State betrays her friends, and shows preference instead to Hezbullah, to the PLO and to the anti-Semites in the US
The holiday of Passover is the Holiday of Freedom. In order to earn its freedom, a nation must be responsible for its actions. That includes showing good faith to friends, especially in difficult circumstances. In order to do this, a nation must adopt a model of honorable behavior. Without honor there can be no responsibility; and without responsibility there is no freedom. Achieving freedom is not a one-time event; it is an on-going struggle which lasts forever. The fact that it is a lasting and on-going exercise , means that it is it never too late to begin. Israel, as the State of the Jewish People, is responsible to all Jews for as long as he is there. Pollard may be an Israeli hero, or not. But he is certainly an Israeli agent who fell victim to terrible discrimination, and it is up to Israel to secure his
Israel Defense Forces Prayer for Jonathan Pollard
Excerpts from "The Missing Peace" by Dennis Ross
Jonathan Pollard: "TAKE ME OUT OF THE BOR!" - by Shimon Shiffer
A Conversation with Jonathan Pollard - by Ben Caspit
The Conspiracy Against Pollard - by Chezi Carmel
The Aldrich Ames Case Page
Stunning New Revelations in the Pollard Case - by Dr. Aaron Lerner
Document: Historic Knesset Petition Signed by 112 MKs
Chief Rabbis Past and Present Unprecedented Appeal for Pollard
Maariv NRG: ICMIS Says Yes to Tanenbaum; No to Pollard
Yediot Achronot: Defense Ministry Says Pollard Didn\'t Get Money
The Angelo Codevilla Articles Page
Senator DeConcini Says To Free Pollard
Spy for Russ Jinxed Pollard, Insists an Intelligence Guru
The Wye Double-Cross Page
Was There Another Spy Tasking Pollard? - Mr. \'X\' Exposed